G.M.COMPLEX, GM Palya Main Rd, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560075

+91 99454 88546

+91 99454 88546

Throat & Larynx

Throat & Larynx

  • Laryngitis: Inflammation of the voice box (larynx), often due to overuse, viral infections, or vocal strain, leading to hoarseness or loss of voice.

  • Dysphagia:Difficulty swallowing due to various causes, such as neurological disorders or structural issues.

  • Throat Cancer: Malignancies occurring in the throat, including the pharynx, larynx, or tonsils.

  • Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Disorders:Conditions affecting the jaw joint, causing pain, clicking, or difficulty in jaw movement.

  • Bell's Palsy:Temporary weakness or paralysis of facial muscles, often affecting one side of the face.

  • Laryngomalacia:A congenital softness of the tissues of the larynx, leading to noisy breathing in infants.

  • Foreign objects in throat like coin or fish bone can get stuck in throat which requires immediate attention.

  • Sialolithiasis:Formation of salivary stones within the salivary ducts, causing pain and swelling.

  • Thyroid Nodules: Growths or lumps in the thyroid gland located in the neck.

  • GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX – acidity, heartburn, foreign body sensation in throat etc

ENT surgeons play a crucial role in diagnosing and treating these disorders, often employing various techniques, medications, and, in some cases, surgical interventions to alleviate symptoms and restore throat health for their patients.

Regular check-ups and early intervention can significantly improve outcomes for individuals experiencing throat-related issues.


Nasal polyps are associated with irritation and swelling (inflammation) of the lining of your nasal passages and sinuses that lasts more than 12 weeks (chronic sinusitis).

However, it’s possible to have chronic sinusitis without nasal polyps.

Nasal polyps themselves are soft and lack sensation, so if they’re small, you may not be aware you have them. Multiple growths or a large polyp may block your nasal passages and sinuses.

Common signs and symptoms of chronic sinusitis with nasal polyps include:

  • A runny nose
  • Persistent Stuffiness
  • Postnasal Drip
  • Decreased or absent sense of smell
  • Loss of sense of taste
  • Facial pain or headache
  • Pain in your upper teeth
  • A sense of pressure over your forehead and face
  • Snoring
  • Frequent Nosebleeds

Risk Factors

Any condition that triggers long-term irritation and swelling (inflammation) in your nasal passages or sinuses, such as infections or allergies, may increase your risk of developing nasal polyps.

Conditions often associated with nasal polyps include:

  • Asthma, a disease that causes the airway to swell (inflame) and narrow
  • Aspirin sensitivity
  • Allergic fungal sinusitis, an allergy to airborne fungi
  • Cystic fibrosis, a genetic disorder that results in abnormally thick, sticky fluids in the body, including thick mucus from nasal and sinus linings
  • Churg-Strauss syndrome (eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis), a rare disease that causes the inflammation of blood vessels
  • Vitamin D deficiency, which occurs when your body doesn’t have enough vitamin D

Your family history also may play a role. There’s some evidence that certain genetic variations associated with immune system function make you more likely to develop nasal polyps.

Nasal polyps can cause complications because they block normal airflow and fluid drainage, and also because of the long-term irritation and swelling (inflammation) underlying their development.

Potential complications include:

  • Obstructive sleep apnea: This is a potentially serious condition in which you stop and start breathing frequently during sleep.
  • Asthma Flare-Ups: Chronic sinusitis can worsen asthma.
  • Sinus Infections: Nasal polyps can make you more susceptible to sinus infections that recur often.