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Deviated Septum

Deviated Septum

Deviated nasal septum refers to a condition where the cartilage or bone that divides the nasal cavity is off-center or crooked, causing various symptoms:

  • Obstruction: Difficulty breathing through one or both nostrils due to the misalignment of the septum, leading to congestion and airflow issues.

  • Nosebleeds: Frequent nosebleeds may occur due to the drying of the nasal passages or irritation caused by the deviated septum.

  • Pain or Pressure: Some individuals may experience facial pain, particularly on the side of the deviated septum

  • Recurrent Sinus Infections: Obstruction and poor airflow can contribute to increased susceptibility to sinus infections.

  • Problems: Deviated septum can exacerbate snoring or contribute to obstructive sleep apnea.

Treatment for a deviated nasal septum depends on the severity of symptoms and may involve:

  • Medications: Nasal sprays, decongestants, or antihistamines to manage symptoms

  • Surgery (Septoplasty): For persistent or severe cases, a surgical procedure to straighten or realign the septum, improving airflow and relieving symptoms.

Consultation with an ear, nose, and throat specialist (ENT) is crucial for an accurate diagnosis and determining the most suitable treatment option.


Nasal polyps are associated with irritation and swelling (inflammation) of the lining of your nasal passages and sinuses that lasts more than 12 weeks (chronic sinusitis).

However, it’s possible to have chronic sinusitis without nasal polyps.

Nasal polyps themselves are soft and lack sensation, so if they’re small, you may not be aware you have them. Multiple growths or a large polyp may block your nasal passages and sinuses.

Common signs and symptoms of chronic sinusitis with nasal polyps include:

  • A runny nose
  • Persistent Stuffiness
  • Postnasal Drip
  • Decreased or absent sense of smell
  • Loss of sense of taste
  • Facial pain or headache
  • Pain in your upper teeth
  • A sense of pressure over your forehead and face
  • Snoring
  • Frequent Nosebleeds

Risk Factors

Any condition that triggers long-term irritation and swelling (inflammation) in your nasal passages or sinuses, such as infections or allergies, may increase your risk of developing nasal polyps.

Conditions often associated with nasal polyps include:

  • Asthma, a disease that causes the airway to swell (inflame) and narrow
  • Aspirin sensitivity
  • Allergic fungal sinusitis, an allergy to airborne fungi
  • Cystic fibrosis, a genetic disorder that results in abnormally thick, sticky fluids in the body, including thick mucus from nasal and sinus linings
  • Churg-Strauss syndrome (eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis), a rare disease that causes the inflammation of blood vessels
  • Vitamin D deficiency, which occurs when your body doesn’t have enough vitamin D

Your family history also may play a role. There’s some evidence that certain genetic variations associated with immune system function make you more likely to develop nasal polyps.

Nasal polyps can cause complications because they block normal airflow and fluid drainage, and also because of the long-term irritation and swelling (inflammation) underlying their development.

Potential complications include:

  • Obstructive sleep apnea: This is a potentially serious condition in which you stop and start breathing frequently during sleep.
  • Asthma Flare-Ups: Chronic sinusitis can worsen asthma.
  • Sinus Infections: Nasal polyps can make you more susceptible to sinus infections that recur often.